In this paper, Abdulla Ibrahim examines the symbolic and strategic importance of Syria to ISIS against a backdrop of a complex challenging context, mainly in North East Syria; with the aim to answer the question if ISIS can be defeated without a solution in all of Syria.
Researching territories frequently controlled by changing powers, economic landscapes rarely remain fixed. IMPACT’s research unit assesses economic realities across multiple regions, focusing on both challenges and opportunities for development.
Wheat production is crucial to maintain food security, generate rural income, and support the agricultural sector of Northeast Syria (NES). Despite this, the value chain is frequently inefficient, with many opportunities for improvement. This paper analyses the wheat supply chain in NES, with recommendations for reform.
Humanitarian work in Syria is limited by complex, bureaucratic financial systems that prevent the necessary funds from entering the country. Any mention of Syria is a red flag for banks with small CSOs on the front lines paying the price of over-compliance. This research paper outlines the invisible sanctions that inhibit humanitarian work in Syria, with recommendations for improving the system.
After more than a decade of conflict, institutions in the autonomously governed region of Northeast Syria (NES) are beginning to develop. Some years previously, Iraqi Kurdistan and Kosovo were in comparable positions. This paper analyzes institutions in NES, Iraqi Kurdistan, and Kosovo, providing recommendations as the Autonomous Administration attempts to earn local and international legitimacy.