Peacebuilding and Governance

How do we work?

In the past few decades, sub-national conflicts have become increasingly frequent in the Middle East and elsewhere. With the rise of militias and local, peripheral governments, centralized states play a less significant role.

In this context, civil society has special importance. Community leaders, alternative media sources, and civil society actors are pivotal players in this new landscape. This understanding of the way conflicts are waged today frames IMPACT’s intervention. Our peacebuilding and dialogue program aims at tackling conflicts on the sub-national, and regional levels as well as the national. To best navigate the complex, sub-national realities of conflict, we focus on Track II and III diplomacy.

IMPACT’s interventions are based on the unique access to the ground provided by our field team and the local experts we work with. Our response is locally driven and community-oriented, aiming to help build lasting peace. These particular strengths focus our work on the Syrian conflict, particularly in the northeast.

We launch projects on issues that we have expertise in and can contribute to resolving. IMPACT Research avails of local knowledge at every level of intervention. This knowledge is augmented by thorough research and field visits to ensure each project is initiated with a full understanding of the situation and good relationships with local and regional stakeholders. 

 

Peacebuilding and Governance publications

IMPACT Publications

Aftershocks: The legacy of ISIS in Syria

Violent extremism has not yet been eradicated in Northeast Syria. To prevent the ideology from regaining power, its root causes in the region must be understood. In this extensive research collection, IMPACT investigates the drivers of violent extremism in NES, providing recommendations to counter it.

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IMPACT Publications

Forced displacement in Syria: Challenges and avenues for civil society engagement

An analysis of the drivers and challenges of displacement movements in and from Syria, and the role of local civil society actors to mitigate them.

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IMPACT Publications

Challenges for peace in Syria without East Euphrates

Kheder Khaddour argues that the ongoing instability of Northeast Syria (NES) means that no political deal for Syria will resolve the overall conflict without including this region.

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Collaborations

Institutional development in Northeast Syria: Lessons from Iraqi Kurdistan and Kosovo

After more than a decade of conflict, institutions in the autonomously governed region of Northeast Syria (NES) are beginning to develop. Some years previously, Iraqi Kurdistan and Kosovo were in comparable positions. This paper analyzes institutions in NES, Iraqi Kurdistan, and Kosovo, providing recommendations as the Autonomous Administration attempts to earn local and international legitimacy.

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IMPACT Publications

Education process in ethnically diverse regions in NES

Education in Northeast Syria (NES) is one of the most controversial political topics on the agenda. The Autonomous Administration (AA) asserts the right for students to be taught in their native language but the Government of Syria does not recognize non-Arabic accreditations, leading to difficulties for students later on.

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Collaborations

The Making of the Kurdish Frontier: Power, Conflict, and Governance in the Iraqi-Syrian Borderlands

The Iraqi-Syrian borderlands remain a geopolitical hotbed even since ISIS’s collapse. In the past few years, Kurdish forces along these lines have become a powerful lobbying force, unwilling to take a back seat as the region’s future is decided. How did the Kurdish frontier on the Iraqi-Syrian borderlands come about and what’s next for one of the most restless regions in the Middle East?

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IMPACT Publications

The Educational Process in North and East Syria

The education system in Northeast Syria (NES) is rarely off the table in political talks. This paper provides an overview of NES’s educational process, political factors impeding the system, and practical recommendations to improve education delivery in the region.

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IMPACT Publications

Background on social and economic structures in Northeast Syria: Region Profile

Northeast Syria (NES) is home to dynamic social and economic structures that are distinct from other areas in Syria. This report provides background information on the region for stakeholders, focusing on social and economic structures, as well as governance bodies.

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Collaborations

Introduction to Governance Development in North and East Syria (NES)

An investigation into the governance structures of the Autonomous Administration (AA). The paper focuses on the de facto government’s main policy areas: security, education, and its bureaucratic and administrative dossiers.

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IMPACT Publications

The Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria: Framework and Resources

Background to the structure of the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria (AANES/AA) and an overview of its resources.

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Collaborations

Rojava’s Economic Viability

To ensure lasting legitimacy, Rojava must deliver on the economic front, argues Bilal Wahab. This paper assesses the economic situation in Northeast Syria, providing recommendations for development.

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IMPACT Publications

The Challenges of Applying the Experience of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq to the Northeast of Syria

The area east of the Euphrates in Syria shares many historical ties with the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. However, social, political, and economic differences show numerous problems in comparing the two regions.

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