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Aftershocks: The legacy of ISIS in Syria

Violent extremism has not yet been eradicated in Northeast Syria. To prevent the ideology from regaining power, its root causes in the region must be understood. In this extensive research collection, IMPACT investigates the drivers of violent extremism in NES, providing recommendations to counter it.

Hubs and Bubbles: Syrian civil society after a decade of conflict

The 2021 round of mapping has seen significant changes in the Syrian civil society landscape. A significant reduction in violence since the previous phase has enabled more Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) to emerge. The environment is now defined by distinct civil society hubs that are marked by the various territories.

Forced displacement in Syria: Challenges and avenues for civil society engagement

An analysis of the drivers and challenges of displacement movements in and from Syria, and the role of local civil society actors to mitigate them.

Invisible Sanctions: How over-compliance limits humanitarian work on Syria

Humanitarian work in Syria is limited by complex, bureaucratic financial systems that prevent the necessary funds from entering the country. Any mention of Syria is a red flag for banks with small CSOs on the front lines paying the price of over-compliance. This research paper outlines the invisible sanctions that inhibit humanitarian work in Syria, with recommendations for improving the system.

Feminist and Women’s Organizations in Syria: Challenges and Opportunities

An overview of common challenges and opportunities for collaboration and effective partnership among feminist and women’s organizations (FWOs) in Syria.

Institutional development in Northeast Syria: Lessons from Iraqi Kurdistan and Kosovo

After more than a decade of conflict, institutions in the autonomously governed region of Northeast Syria (NES) are beginning to develop. Some years previously, Iraqi Kurdistan and Kosovo were in comparable positions. This paper analyzes institutions in NES, Iraqi Kurdistan, and Kosovo, providing recommendations as the Autonomous Administration attempts to earn local and international legitimacy.

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Education process in ethnically diverse regions in NES

Education in Northeast Syria (NES) is one of the most controversial political topics on the agenda. The Autonomous Administration (AA) asserts the right for students to be taught in their native language but the Government of Syria does not recognize non-Arabic accreditations, leading to difficulties for students later on.

Image by Ibrahim Issa

Al-Hol Camp: Release, Return, and Reintegration of Syrian residents

As of March 2021, at least 61,000 remain in the Al-Hol camp in Northeast Syria (NES). Residents are gradually being released, however, re-integration into society is a major obstacle to the region’s stability. This paper provides a preliminary analysis of some of the challenges that need to be tackled as Al-Hol is slowly vacated.

The Making of the Kurdish Frontier: Power, Conflict, and Governance in the Iraqi-Syrian Borderlands

The Iraqi-Syrian borderlands remain a geopolitical hotbed even since ISIS’s collapse. In the past few years, Kurdish forces along these lines have become a powerful lobbying force, unwilling to take a back seat as the region’s future is decided. How did the Kurdish frontier on the Iraqi-Syrian borderlands come about and what’s next for one of the most restless regions in the Middle East?

The Educational Process in North and East Syria

The education system in Northeast Syria (NES) is rarely off the table in political talks. This paper provides an overview of NES’s educational process, political factors impeding the system, and practical recommendations to improve education delivery in the region.

Introduction to Governance Development in North and East Syria (NES)

An investigation into the governance structures of the Autonomous Administration (AA). The paper focuses on the de facto government’s main policy areas: security, education, and its bureaucratic and administrative dossiers.

Diaspora Mobilization in Contexts of Political Uncertainties

Exploring the potentials, limits, and future roles of Syrian civil society in the Middle East and Europe.

An explanation of Syrian diaspora CSOs challenges and opportunities at the home, host, and international level. The report aims to illustrate the multiple layers of Syrian diaspora embeddedness into political structures.

The Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria: Framework and Resources

Background to the structure of the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria (AANES/AA) and an overview of its resources.

Rojava’s Economic Viability

To ensure lasting legitimacy, Rojava must deliver on the economic front, argues Bilal Wahab. This paper assesses the economic situation in Northeast Syria, providing recommendations for development.

Socioeconomic impact of displacement waves in northern Syria

Case study: Daily living challenges in Afrin, Azaz, and Albab. An analysis of the effects of displacement on HLP issues, social cohesion, and livelihoods. Recommendations are offered to Turkish authorities, INGOs, donors, and civil society actors.

Changing contexts and Trends in Syrian Civil Society – Mapping Phase III

This report is a qualitative analysis that presents trends and central aspects of CSOs. This report also provides a comparison of properties of those organizations between different control areas.

Mapping Civil Society in Syria – Phase I

In this report, Citizens for Syria conducted a grassroots survey of all Syrian regions and neighboring countries to paint a picture of the Syrian civil movement and its activities. The research indicated that humanitarian, media, and civil organizations formed most organizations, followed by human resource development, health, research, and others specializing in social services, human rights, culture, and arts.

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