In this paper, Abdulla Ibrahim examines the symbolic and strategic importance of Syria to ISIS against a backdrop of a complex challenging context, mainly in North East Syria; with the aim to answer the question if ISIS can be defeated without a solution in all of Syria.
In a context driven by instability, governance structures frequently emerge and collapse. Our research unit investigates political trends in Syria, with a particular focus on the northeast. IMPACT identifies challenges to governance in the region, and offers recommendations for good governance models.
Wheat production is crucial to maintain food security, generate rural income, and support the agricultural sector of Northeast Syria (NES). Despite this, the value chain is frequently inefficient, with many opportunities for improvement. This paper analyses the wheat supply chain in NES, with recommendations for reform.
Violent extremism has not yet been eradicated in Northeast Syria. To prevent the ideology from regaining power, its root causes in the region must be understood. In this extensive research collection, IMPACT investigates the drivers of violent extremism in NES, providing recommendations to counter it.
After more than a decade of conflict, institutions in the autonomously governed region of Northeast Syria (NES) are beginning to develop. Some years previously, Iraqi Kurdistan and Kosovo were in comparable positions. This paper analyzes institutions in NES, Iraqi Kurdistan, and Kosovo, providing recommendations as the Autonomous Administration attempts to earn local and international legitimacy.
Education in Northeast Syria (NES) is one of the most controversial political topics on the agenda. The Autonomous Administration (AA) asserts the right for students to be taught in their native language but the Government of Syria does not recognize non-Arabic accreditations, leading to difficulties for students later on.
As of March 2021, at least 61,000 remain in the Al-Hol camp in Northeast Syria (NES). Residents are gradually being released, however, re-integration into society is a major obstacle to the region’s stability. This paper provides a preliminary analysis of some of the challenges that need to be tackled as Al-Hol is slowly vacated.
The Iraqi-Syrian borderlands remain a geopolitical hotbed even since ISIS’s collapse. In the past few years, Kurdish forces along these lines have become a powerful lobbying force, unwilling to take a back seat as the region’s future is decided. How did the Kurdish frontier on the Iraqi-Syrian borderlands come about and what’s next for one of the most restless regions in the Middle East?